Organic Agriculture Standards
The International Federation of Organic Agriculture Standards (IFOAM) defines organic agriculture as “an agricultural system that produces food and fibers in an environmentally, socially and economically sustainable manner, with an emphasis on soil improvement. Respect for the natural potential of plants, animals, and agricultural ecosystems. Organic farming, therefore, reduces the use of external production factors and avoids the use of synthetic chemicals such as fertilizers, pesticides, and pharmaceuticals for animals meanwhile trying to apply nature to increase productivity and improve the disease resistance of crops and pets.”
Organic means the products from the organic farming system that have received Certification of organic farming standards from reliable certification agencies for entrepreneurs. Organic farming Certification requirements must be met. That covers the source of (seed) varieties and production factors (manure, animal feed prophylactic and therapeutic drugs, etc.), how to use factors of production, and how to maintain and how to prevent contamination from the environment this includes nearby chemical production facilities. this covers harvesting, sorting, cleaning, storage, packaging (containers, labels), and management during transportation. The details vary. according to the scope and standard system requested for Certification, international standards have basic requirements that all entrepreneurs must comply with at all stages of production until reaching consumers without using synthetic chemicals or prohibited herbs. Focus on preventing pests and treating animal diseases by considering the ecology (Do not increase the problem of global warming that causes climate change, etc.) record the product activity at every step, and keep the data so that it can be traced back (traceability) for at least 5 years; it also includes the fair welfare of farm or factory employees. And operate following local cultural traditions as well. Overall, it is a caring coexistence between humans, plants, animals, and the environment. as much as possible at every step.
In conversion 1 product means the production process in which farmers do not use chemical fertilizers and pesticides in the production of any one plot of land that the farmers occupy—or dividing some areas to produce do not use all kinds of chemicals.
In conversion 2-3 products mean the period of restoration of the environment and soil fertility, which takes 1-12 months from applying for the organic farming project with the OASIS, which must be produced organically in all areas occupied by farmers.
ACT organic farming products (ACT: Organic Agriculture Certification Thailand) means organic farming production systems that farmers have produced and been through the organic farming process for more than 12 months or 1 year. The production process does not use chemical fertilizers and chemically prevents pesticides all kinds of products or some types that can be produced it must be a product that is produced in a chemical way. And must comply with the conditions of organic agriculture standards from the Organic Agriculture Certification Thailand (ACT), including the standards set by Organic Agriculture Social Enterprise Innovators of Surin Province (OASIS).
EU Organic Agriculture Product (EU) means the production process of European standards that farmers have produced through organic farming for more than 24 months or 2 years, there may be different plants/species it can be parallel production. (Change period 1-24 months)
Bio-Suisse organic produce (BIO SUISSE) means the production process of EU standard organic agriculture that farmers have produced and have been through the organic farming process for more than 24 months or 2 years in all plants must be non-parallel production and have a variety in the plots of 7% or more (change period 1-24 months)
Naturland Organic Farming is a system of organic farming that the farmers have produced and passed the organic farming process for more than 24 months or 2 years. The factors of production must not come from poultry manure and must change the whole farm to be organic (Every plot must be converted to organic within 5 years, especially for subsistence crops. there must be a change or must have social standards (Naturland Social Standards) as well
Organic Farming NOP: National Organic Program means an organic farming system that the farmers have produced and passed the organic farming process for more than 36 months or 3 years Do not apply fresh manure directly to the plant parts to be consumed. Except that it has been fermented or dry or mixed in the soil at least 90 days before harvest and no area is chemical agriculture.
COR Organic Agriculture: Canada Organic Regime means an organic agricultural production system that the farmers have produced and passed the organic farming process for more than 36 months or 3 years. Do not apply fresh manure directly to the plant parts to be consumed. Except that it has been fermented or dry or mixed in the soil at least 90 days before harvest and no area is chemical agriculture.
Social Standards are standards for Naturland producers that must be examined specifically, such as the rights of workers. minimum wage, child labor, workplace safety, health, etc.
Total Productivity Management (short version)
1. Do not use all kinds of chemicals. Whether it’s a chemical fertilizer, pest control chemicals and synthetic hormones (not checked from the project)
2. Do not use modified organisms or products derived from modified organisms in the production and processing of organic agriculture.
3. Farm inputs, additives, processing aids, and ingredients in all organic products. One step of the biological chain must be traceable to ensure that not from a modified organism both directly and indirectly
4. In case of a high risk of contamination of unacceptable substances from neighboring plots, Areas or crops must be established to protect the buffer zone. or reduce contamination
5. Factors of production for organic farming and non-organic must be stored separately and indicated. Do not store unauthorized inputs on organic farms.
6. Prohibit spraying tools that are not permitted in organic production in non-organic plots. in organic production
7. Where tools are used for harvesting and post-harvest handling, such tools must be thoroughly cleaned. to prevent contamination and mix of products before being used in organic production
8. The certification may be rejected. or can be canceled If it is found that there is the contamination of prohibited substances in the land or produce, such as residues of pesticides and herbicides or heavy metals
9. It is not allowed to burn plant remains for soil preparation. And open land the exception is a well-managed traditional land title system (such as shifting cultivation) and requires minimal burning of plant residues.
10. Measures must be taken to prevent or solve soil erosion problems, saline soils, and other risks that may cause soil loss and deterioration.
11. Do not use municipal waste. Including used to make compost.
12. Do not use Chilean nitrate and all kinds of synthetic nitrogen fertilizers. including urea fertilizer
13. Organic matter containing human excrement is prohibited from being used as fertilizer in human food crops.
14. Do not apply fresh manure directly to the plant parts that will be consumed. except that it has been fermented or dry or mixed in the soil at least 30 days before harvest
14. Seeds and plant propagators must be produced from organic farming systems. (Do not use seeds and plant propagation mixed with substances that are not allowed in any case)
15. Do not use sacks packed with chemicals to pack organic products.
16. Do not use chemical spraying in the product storage area.